6 Causes of Spotting Between Periods
Spotting is a condition in which you have a little bloody vaginal discharge. Spotting between periods can be considered normal but in some cases, it can be a signal of some underlying disease. If your spotting is not constant, there is no reason to worry about it. You may get it between periods during ovulation or just before periods. Bloody discharge can appear without any reason or can be a result of some lifestyle changes that influence your cycle.
But if you noticed that spotting occurs very often or their amount increases, it is better to visit a doctor. In this article, we gathered six causes of spotting between periods.
1. Birth control change
The menstrual cycle is caused by a change in hormone levels. An increase in progesterone leads to the thickening of the uterine lining. If you don’t get pregnant during this cycle, progesterone levels will drop and your uterus will begin to shade its lining.
When you change the type of hormonal birth control you usually use, this can temporarily change progesterone levels and result in bloody discharge. When your system gets used to this new hormonal contraception, spotting is more likely to disappear.
2. STI or other infection
Vaginal irritation and spotting can be caused by certain sexually transmitted infections (like chlamydia or genital herpes) or even simple yeast infection. Moreover, it can be accompanied by burning sensations during urination, pain during sexual intercourse, abnormal discharge, and even heavy bleeding without any reason.
You should also know that bloody discharge after sexual intercourse may be caused by some infection that causes inflammation of the cervical tissue. This means that more blood is flowing into this area and when your partner’s movements provoke friction there, your cervix may bleed a little.
Bloody vaginal discharges are a very common thing during the first trimester of pregnancy. When fertilization occurs, the embryo is implanted in the uterus and within one or two months after that, you may have light spotting. But you shouldn’t worry, this condition is called an implantation spotting and it is quite common.
These discharges are usually brown and their amount is not significant. But if the spotting looks like a heavy blood flow you usually have during your periods or you have cramps, this may be an indication of a miscarriage. In this case, it is better to visit your doctor as soon as possible in order to get an ultrasound scan or blood test.
4. Uterine fibroids
Do you know that almost 80 percent of women have uterine fibroids? The majority of them don’t even know that they have fibroids because they can be asymptomatic. Uterine fibroids are small benign growths that develop in the uterus and can cause spotting. They may leed to bleeding in the uterus’ wall or simply bleed themselves.
Uterine fibroids treatment usually depends on the severity of the symptoms they cause. The doctor can recommend treatment options that are able to regulate your cycle and reduce uterine fibroids. In addition, there are several surgical procedures that can be performed to eliminate fibroids completely.
5. Cervical or endometrial cancer
Spotting can also manifest such gynecological conditions as cervical or endometrial cancer. Some women neglect this symptom because they think that everything is fine. However, when cancer is diagnosed in the early stages, there are much higher chances to treat it.
That is why if you notice abnormal spotting, it’s best to make an appointment with your doctor. You may need to undergo an ultrasound, physical examination or a biopsy if your doctor will consider your condition suspicious.
6. Some medications
There are some medications that can lead to bloody discharge such as some thyroid or hormonal medications. For example, tamoxifen is a medication that is often prescribed in the early stages of breast cancer. This drug can increase the risk of endometrial cancer and cause bloody discharge as well. If you are taking tamoxifen, make sure that you regularly visit your gynecologist for checkups.